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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

A Critical Analysis of the Brazilian Athletics: Characteristics of Jumpers and Throwers Athletes and their Performances

Abstract Theme

Elite performance

Type Presentation

Poster

Abstract Authors

Presenter Júlia Barreira - State University of Campinas (Sports and Biomechanics) - BR
Darci Ferreira da Silva - State University of Campinas (Biochemistry of Sports) - BR
Denise Vaz Macedo - State University of Campinas (Biochemistry of Sports) - BR
René Brenzikofer - State University of Campinas (Sports and Biomechanics) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): White - 12        Date: 1 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Júlia Barreira

Abstract Resume

Background: The data available on the website of the Brazilian Athletics Confederation (CBAt) contain valuable information about the Brazilian athletics which, when analyzed with the
proper tools, can guide the training and investments for the modality. However, few studies have explored this database. In order to fill this gap, the aim of this study was to characterize the
Brazilian elite athletes and their performances in jumping and throwing events of athletics, and to compare them with the scores achieved at international competitions.

Methods: The sample was composed by 1226 marks obtained by the top three finishers in Brazilian official competitions of pole vault, high, distance, triple jumps and shot put, discus,
hammer and javelin throws of the adult category that took place in the period from 2000 to 2014. All data were collected at the CBAt website, from which were also extracted the ages of the athletes in
the moments of competitions and the world records in these events. We compared the Brazilians athletes' ages in jumping and throwing events with the international ones. After identifying the best
Brazilian performance in each event, we analyzed its evolution over the years and we compared them with the actual world records.

Results: The data show that the Brazilian jumpers are approximately two years younger than the throwers, reproducing the difference found in international athletes. However, national
podiums athletes are three years younger than the international ones. Brazilian performances in women's discus and hammer throws are the most distant from world records and remained stable in the
studied period, not being competitive on the international scene. The best Brazilian performances in women’s events were in triple jump and pole vault, with positive developments in recent years. In
relation to the male performance, Brazilian performance in the men's javelin throw is the most distant from the world record with no performance improvement in the analyzed period. The Brazilian
performance in the other three male throwing events presented a significant improvement in recent years, following the evolution of the world records. Brazilian performances in male jumping events are
close to the international ones, highlighting the long jump and pole vault whose performances have improved significantly in recent years.

Conclusions: The results of our study show that the Brazilian elite athletes in jumping and throwing events are younger than the international podiums athletes. Longer permanence of
these athletes in the sport, with increased governmental assistance and sponsorships, may allow the improvement of the technique and experience, enabling even better progress in performance. If the
performance evolution in male and female jumping events is maintained in the coming years, possibly the Brazilian athletes will become more competitive on the international scene. It is necessary a
review of the training and investments for the women's discus and hammer throw and for men’s javelin throw, whose performance is stable and very distant from the international records.

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