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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Respiratory exercise increment pulmonary function, quality of life and psychological parameters in institutionalized bedridden older people

Abstract Theme

Physical activity and health

Type Presentation

Poster

Abstract Authors

Presenter Mauro Sérgio Perilhão - São Judas Tadeu University (Translational Physiology Laboratory) - BR
Ariana Aline da Silva - São Judas Tadeu University (Translational Physiology Laboratory) - BR
Lilian Luiz da Silva Alves - São Judas Tadeu University (Translational Physiology Laboratory) - BR
Roberta Luksevicius Rica - São Judas Tadeu University (Translational Physiology Laboratory) - BR
Juliana Valente Francica - São Judas Tadeu University (Translational Physiology Laboratory) - BR
Angélica Castilho Alonso - São Judas Tadeu University (Translational Physiology Laboratory) - BR
Maria Luiza de Jesus Miranda - São Judas Tadeu University (Translational Physiology Laboratory) - BR
Tomaz Ferreira da Silva - São Judas Tadeu University (Translational Physiology Laboratory) - BR
Aylton Figueira Junior - São Judas Tadeu University (Translational Physiology Laboratory) - BR
Danilo Sales Bocalini - São Judas Tadeu University (Translational Physiology Laboratory) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Yellow - 20        Date: 2 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Mauro Perilhão

Abstract Resume

Background: Aging leads to physiological changes on respiratory function as well as reduction in the chest expansion specially on institutionalized bedridden older people. Respiratory
exercise is a common physical therapy resource, however, little is knowledge about the effects of respiratory exercise on institutionalized bedridden older people. The aim of this study was to
evaluate the effects of 12 weeks of a respiratory exercise program in lung function, self-related quality of life, depression and anxiety in institutionalized bedridden older people.


Methods: Twelve older subject (over 60 years old) without medical contraindications to practice breathing exercise were distributed into two groups:  control (CG, n: 6) and
respiratory training (RT, n: 6). The exercise protocol (12 exercises, 15 sets, 45 minutes, 12 weeks) used consisted in an exercise program developed in order to increase the thoracic mobility. The
following parameters were evaluated: body composition, lung function, self-related quality of life, depression and anxiety.


Results: Were not found differences in body composition between groups. However, significant increase (p< 0.01) were found in lung function (peak flow: 15 ± 6%, forced vital capacity:
17 ± 5% and forced expiratory volume: 14 ± 3%) and cirtometry (20 ± 4 %) on TR group. Increments on self-related quality of life were found in all domains (dyspnea: 18 ± 7, fatigue: 18 ± 12,
emotional: 15 ± 7, self- control: 20 ± 11; %) compared to CG (dyspnea: 3 ± 12, fatigue: 1 ± 9, emotional: 6 ± 10, self- control: 1 ± 11; %). Improvement on depression level (before: 14 ± 2, after 10 ±
2) and anxiety (before: 45 ± 5, after: 35 ± 8) status were found on TR group, but not to C (depression: 15 ± 3 vs 16 ± 1; anxiety: 47 ± 6 vs 50 ± 5) in both parameters.


Conclusions: Our data confirm that 12 weeks of respiratory training improve lung function with concomitant relief of depression and anxiety symptoms and increment on self-related
quality of life in institutionalized bedridden older people.


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