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Abstract Details

Abstract Title

Representativity of São Paulo State's Women's Artistic Gymnastics in the Brazilian Cenario

Abstract Theme

Sport development

Type Presentation

Poster

Abstract Authors

Presenter Letícia Bartholomeu de Queiroz Lima - São Paulo State University (Physical Education Department) - BR
Laurita Marconi Schiavon - University of Campinas (Faculty of Physical Education) - BR

Presentation Details

Poster Exhibition Site (Local): Red - 11        Date: 1 September        Time: 8am to 7pm        Presenter: Letícia Lima

Abstract Resume

Background: Artistic Gymnastics is a sport that has had greater prominence and disclosure in Brazil within the last 15 years, possibly due to the better results obtained by Brazilian
gymnasts in the international arena. The Brazilian southwest, in addition to being a more populous region with greater economic relevance in the country, concentrates 40% of the entities affiliated
with the state gymnastics federations in the country. The state of São Paulo stands out because of its large population, its greater economic representativeness in the country and for being the state
that has invested the most in sports in the last ten years. It also has the Federation with the largest number of affiliated entities among the state gymnastics federations.
Methods: This documental research investigated Women's Artistic Gymnastics (WAG) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, by analyzing the results of the Brazilian WAG Championship, a
relevant nationwide competition of significant repercussion in the country, in four editions (2011 to 2014).
Results: In view of the results, the participants and the participating institutions in the four years of the Brazilian WAG Championship analyzed in its different categories (9 and
10, 11 and 12, 13 to 15 and from 16 years old) and levels (A for higher demand and B for lower demand), the state of São Paulo was observed, quantitatively, to have a significant output of gymnasts,
with the largest number of participating gymnasts in practically all categories and levels, with an exception only in the 9 and 10 years old B category in 2011 and 2012; and it was also the state with
the largest number of registered entities, which may also suggest a diversity of available places to practice the modality. However, if observed the quality of the gymnasts, taking the number of
medals as a reference point, there is some disparity. In the 9 and 10, 11 and 12 and 13 to 15 B years old categories, the state won 45.75% medals in relation to the other states. Although, in the 13
to 15 A and from 16 years old categories, categories in which athletes are of age to participate in the Olympic Games and World Championships, São Paulo's performance falls drastically, with a reduced
number of victories, 11.83%. Among the institutions in São Paulo, there is a prevalence of public institutions, most of which are managed by city halls. The Metropolitan Region of São Paulo (MRSP),
however, stands out in relation to the other regions of the state, due to the fact that, in addition to having a presence in all categories and levels, it presented a higher number of victories than
the other regions of the state, 88.8%. Moreover, there was just a small presence of entities from the other regions of the state in the level of highest difficulty (level A), seven entities in the 9
and 10 years old category and one in 11 and 12, with no representation in the others categories.
Conclusions: The state of São Paulo, more specifically the MRSP, is well represented in Brazilian WAG. However, despite being a state with many institutions that offer WAG practices
and have expressive results, the situation in the state as a whole is not the same.

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